a wand used by a conductor. Some more sophisticated designs carry a charge along the shaft's entire surface, administering a shock on contact. It was used in a similar manner to modern police batons and it continued to be issued in Japan to some police departments until the early 20th century. Hand-held impact weapons have some advantages over newer less-lethal weapons. singular responsibility for something. They are either made out of steel, wood, or polycarbonate. https://www.definitions.net/definition/police+baton. The collapsible shaft makes it easier for the officer to carry it and to sit in a car seat wearing it, since when collapsed it is between 150 and 250 mm (6 and 10 in) long. Subjectively, some officers may be able to deliver a strike of greater power with the side-handle baton (when used in conjunction with a "power stroke") over a straight baton. Straight, side-handled (PR-24) and friction-lock batons were added to the list of offensive weapons in 2004[19] (except Scotland, where they were added in 2005),[20] which prohibited their manufacture, sale, hire, offering for sale or hire, lending or giving to any other person under Section 141 Criminal Justice Act 1988. Thanks for your vote! Police vehicles Ground vehicles. An expandable baton is opened by being swung in a forceful manner while collapsed, using inertia to extend and lock the segments by friction. It may consist of a straight or T-shaped rigid stick, or a collapsible version in both aforementioned forms. Expandable batons in general are sometimes referred to as "Asps". The use of Batons by police has been heavily scrutinized, starting first with the use of the instrument during the Civil Rights era in the 1960’s and of course the Rodney King Case. The shafts are usually made of steel, but lightweight baton models may have their shafts made from other materials such as aluminium alloy. La police de Baton Rouge nous a envoyé leur preuve. 16 synonyms of baton from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 19 related words, definitions, and antonyms. Meaning of police baton. Depending on the design, expandable batons may be collapsed either by being brought down (inverted) on a hard surface, or by depressing a button lock and manually collapsing the shafts. Synonyms and related words Definition and synonyms of baton from the … Earlier on the word was used in vulgar Latin (bastο—a stick helping walking,[3] from basta—hold). All types have their advantages and disadvantages. Definitions.net. [28][29], "Billy club" redirects here. This weapon is referred to by some sources as a "sap" (derived from "sapling" due to its wood handle), or euphemistically as a "life-preserver. In Russia traffic batons are striped in black and white for the same reason, and in Sweden they are white. More training is required for an officer to fully utilize the potential of a side-handle baton compared to a straight baton. These include inherent compromises in the dual (and competing) goals of control effectiveness and safety (fo… Except for rapid response units, motor vehicles were rarely used except in rural districts (and even there, bicycles were more common). "[9] The term "cosh" may also originate with this weapon, being derived from the Romani word kašt, meaning "stick" or "piece of wood. Synonyms: bil… [British] regional note: in AM, use billy, billy club 2. countable noun A baton is a light, thin stick used by a conductor to conduct an orchestra or a choir. As a result, civil lawsuits and claims of police brutality resulted in revised training for officers.[1]. Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. For the Iraqi football club, see, Comparison with other law enforcement weapons, Police uniforms and equipment in the United Kingdom § Batons, "The American Heritage Dictionary entry: cosh", "blackjack | Origin and meaning of blackjack by Online Etymology Dictionary", "Blackjacks off the table for Pittsburgh police", "Flashlights and Liability Reduction for Law Enforcement", "Cap 217, Weapons Ordinance of Hong Kong", "Criminal Justice Act 1988 (Offensive Weapons) (Amendment) Order 2004", Criminal Justice Act 1988 (Offensive Weapons) (Scotland) Order 2005, "Criminal Justice Act 1988 (Offensive Weapons) Order 1988: Schedule", "FindLaw's Supreme Court of Connecticut case and opinions", "Second Amendment protects dirk knives and police batons", "People v. Davis, 214 Cal.App.4th 1322 | Casetext", "California Penal Code Section 12000-12003", "California Penal Code Section 12020–12040", Assessing the Expandable Side Handle Baton, State of California Penal Code sections 12020—12040, Article on the virtues of the telescopic steel baton, Article on "USE-OF-FORCE TACTICS AND NON-LETHAL WEAPONRY", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Baton_(law_enforcement)&oldid=1002344381, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from July 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A baton may be used in many ways as a weapon. This was always removed when the equipment left official service (often with the person who used it). [22], Section 46 of the Offensive Weapons Act 2019, passed in May 2019, prohibits possession even in a private dwelling (e.g. [5] It consists of little more than a long cylinder with a molded, turned or wrapped grip, usually with a slightly thicker or tapering shaft and rounded tip. Some variants use powdered metal or even sand for the weight inside the head, usually called a "soft sap," which reduces the likelihood of bone fractures. Another baton, that was used at night, was 660 mm (26 in) long and called a night-stick, which is the origin of the word "nightstick". Baton definition is - cudgel, truncheon; specifically : billy club. Je peux envoyer les infos à la police de Baton Rouge qu'ils cherchent dans le trafic et les caméras autour du campus. [24], Legality is determined by the laws of the individual states. If you use my method with one or two strikes and step back, he realizes that the thing has gone against him, and the confrontation is over. The design and popularity of specific types of baton have evolved over the years and are influenced by a variety of factors. Expandable batons may have a solid tip at the outer end of the innermost shaft; the purpose of the solid tip is to maximize the power of a strike when the baton is used as an impact weapon. According to Cap 217 (Weapons Ordinance), Laws of Hong Kong, any person who has possession of any prohibited items commits an offence, which includes expandable batons. Find another word for baton. A short staff carried by certain public officials as a symbol of office. [1] In common usage, these terms have become interchangeable, so a "sap" of this kind is sometimes more precisely called a flat sap, slap jack or beavertail sap to differentiate it. Other side-handle batons are two-piece in design (common among cheaper makes); the side-handle component is screwed into the primary shaft. Straight batons of rubber have a softer impact. The orchestra played brilliantly under Previn’s baton. The meaning "policeman's club" is first recorded 1856. The side-handle component prevents the baton from rolling far away if inadvertently dropped, unlike a straight baton. When police tried to stop them, they stoned police and beat officials with batons. Meaning of police baton. Characteristic of a flashlight used as a baton or club is the grip employed. Our selection includes training batons and training baton accessories from well-known police equipment companies such as ASP and Monadnock. When directed at the head, it works by concussing often also cutting the scalp in their classic design (solid lead striking head). The baton is considered to have a greater risk of lethality than most less-lethal weapons, and so is higher on the use of force continuum than Tasers or OC. The baton is swung in fast, "snapping" strikes to these areas, sometimes only making contact with the tip. There are several types of batons, all of them some kind of stick or club. This later design is especially useful in preventing the officer from having their weapon grabbed and taken away by an assailant. (sports) An object transferred by runners in a relay race. Connecticut v. DeCiccio (2009). Other names for a baton are a truncheon, cosh, billystick, billy club, nightstick, lathi or stick. This is meant to stun or knock out the subject, although head strikes have a high risk of causing a permanent, disabling brain injury or a fatality. The sap's flat profile makes it easier to carry in a pocket and spreads its impact out over a broader area, making it less likely to break bone. One-piece designs are potentially stronger than two-piece designs, and have no risk of having a locking screw loosen from its threads. Some criminals use batons as weapons because of their simple construction and easy concealment. 4.1. Neither holding the baton down in the ring with a hand, nor holding the baton, In theory, the mere display of extending the baton may in some instances be terrifying to an aggressive person (due to both the sight and sound of the action, with a similar intimidation technique as used with. baton definition: 1. a stick used by a conductor (= person who controls the performance of a group of musicians) to…. Additionally, the baton, in collapsed configuration, may be used as a control device against non-compliant subjects in conjunction with pain-compliance control techniques, such as to remove a driver refusing to exit his or her vehicle. This is contrasted with non-collapsible batons, which the officer may, as a measure of convenience, often resort to removing from their belt when seating themselves in a vehicle. There is a general belief in Brazil that rubber batons are less prone to break bones than the wooden ones. A late 19th-century type is a wooden shaft about one foot long, with a leather- or macramé-covered lead ball as the head. The typical truncheon is a straight stick made from wood or a synthetic material, approximately 32 mm (1 1⁄4 in) in diameter and 460–910 mm (18–36 in) long, with a fluted handle to aid in gripping. ton (bə-tŏn′, bă-, băt′n) n. 1. It can be used as a large kubotan. The traffic baton is red to make it more visible as a signaling aid in directing traffic. Side-handle batons (sometimes referred to as T-batons) are batons with a short side handle at a right angle to the shaft, about 150 mm (6 in) from one end. . Expandable batons are telescopic, making them more portable and easier to conceal. This results in a strike that impacts harder to the muscle and causes deeper pain, removing the need for several strikes when targeting large muscle groups. This often results in leaving the baton behind when an officer is exiting the vehicle, and not readily expecting trouble. As such it may deliver less forceful blows than a fixed baton. Since the late 1990s, the collapsible baton is issued except for public order duties, where a fixed, acrylic baton is used. [21] The telescopic truncheon – defined as being a truncheon which extends automatically by hand pressure applied to a button, spring or other device in or attached to its handle – was banned in the original 1988 order. [1] By the 1990s virtually all modern police departments had phased them out from their issued equipment, and most banned their use entirely.[14]. All types of batons can be owned but not carried in public spaces by private citizens according to law (1988:254). The use of flashlights as improvised impact weapons is subject to the same use of force regulations as the use of purpose-designed impact weapons like batons. baton A baton is the small stick or rod, like the one that an orchestra conductor uses to direct musicians. One end, and the intersection between the shaft and the handle used to catch a long swung blunt or sharp weapon. Depending on the holster or scabbard design, it may be possible to carry an expandable baton in either collapsed or expanded position, which would be helpful if an officer needed to holster an expanded baton and it was not possible or convenient to collapse it at the time. a hollow rod of wood, paper, or … While all police weapons can potentially be taken from an officer and used against them, this risk is even greater with batons, as they can be grabbed and pulled away by a suspect if the officer improperly brandishes or swings them. [1] There are several variants of these weapons that use different materials, such as steel instead of lead for the weight, or plastic for the covering. [8] These weapons work by transferring kinetic energy to the dense core, via the handle, during the swing. In New York, the police used to use two kinds of batons depending on the time. While law enforcement batons may appear simple to use, proper baton training is as necessary as proper firearm instruction. A conductor's baton is often made of lightweight wood. A staff or truncheon, used for various purposes 1.1. the batonof a field marshal 2. A collapsible baton is essentially a heavy steel rod with usually a slightly wider tip, that concentrates the force of a blow more effectively and to a smaller area than a polycarbonate baton. Definition of police baton in the Definitions.net dictionary. The terminology used to refer to these weapons varies and can be imprecise, and depends on the source and time period. [16], In the Republic of Ireland, telescopic truncheons are classified as illegal offensive weapons.[17][18]. Fixed batons may be inherently faster to bring into action, due to the fact that they do not need to be extended before usage as an impact weapon (unless one wishes to use a collapsible baton in collapsed form). [1] Besides the head, they were also used on the elbows, wrists, shins, collarbone, and groin. Blackjacks and saps were popular among law enforcement for a time due to their low profile, small size, and usability at very close range, such as when grappling with a suspect. Some side-handle batons are one-piece design; the side-handle component and primary shaft are permanently fused together during manufacturing. The side-handle component may aid in weapon retention, making it more difficult for a suspect to take the baton away from the officer in a struggle. How to pronounce, definition audio dictionary. home, closed off building site, behind a sales counter, etc.) Many designs function like an elongated stun gun or a cattle prod, requiring the tip to be held against the target and then manually triggering a shock by a switch in the handle. For the 2013 film, see, "Police club" redirects here. Despite having been replaced by side-handle and expandable batons in many (if not most) law enforcement agencies, straightsticks remain in use by many major departments in the US, such as the Baltimore, Denver, Sacramento, Long Beach, Santa Ana, Philadelphia, San Francisco, and Riverside Police Departments. "[10] The term "blackjack" referring to a hand weapon is of unknown etymology, and the earliest text reference is 1889. [12] Some carefully made examples were likely to have been used by a boatswain or ship's master-at-arms or ship's mate as a badge of office and discipline-enforcer, so some modern sources call this weapon a "bosun's cosh." The slight flexibility and resilience of the handle gave these small clubs a whip-like action. The term "blackjack" is sometimes applied by early 20th-century maritime sources to a lead weight knotted or woven into the end of a short piece of rope that serves as a handle, though most sources would consider this weapon a type of slungshot.[13]. Definition of police baton in the Definitions.net dictionary. [1] Officer Arthur Lamb, a well-known trainer on the baton, once stated: I've trained over 200 police departments, comprising over ten thousand men. Fixed batons carried in such holders may easily fall out of the holder when the officer wearing the baton sprints. The one for daytime was called a day-stick and was 280 mm (11 in) in length. Longer truncheons are called "riot batons" because of their use in riot control. baton in Police topic From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English bat‧on /ˈbætɒn, -tn $ bæˈtɑːn, bə-/ noun [ countable] 1 a short thin stick used by a conductor (=the leader of a … A hollow metal rod with a heavy rubber tip or tips that is wielded and twirled by a drum major or drum majorette. In the 20th century, newer designs emerged that were shorter and predominately made of stitched or braided leather, with a flexible spring inside the handle. Batons are also used for non-weapon purposes such as breaking windows to free individuals trapped in a vehicle, or turning out a suspect's pockets during a search (as a precaution against sharp objects). In the Victorian era, police in London carried truncheons about one foot long called billy clubs. However, it is a crime under section 90 of the Criminal Code to carry any weapon, including a baton, in a concealed fashion. a thin light stick used by the person (called a conductor) who is in control of an orchestra, etc. Batons in common use by policearound the world include many different designs, such as fixed-length straight batons, blackjacks, fixed-length side-handle batons, collapsible straight batons, and other more exotic variations. They are derived from the tonfa, an Okinawan kobudō weapon, and are used with a similar technique (although tonfa are usually used in pairs, whereas side-handle batons are not). They range in size from short clubs less than 30 cm (1 ft) in length to 90-centimetre-long (3 ft) "riot batons" commonly used in civil disturbances or by officers mounted on horseback. Stun batons are an unusual modern variation designed to administer an electric shock in order to incapacitate the target. 26 Jan. 2021. We truly appreciate your support. Most batons of this design were not intended to be used as impact weapons and will break if used in this way, though a few were built to withstand occasional lighter impacts. previously, possession in private was permitted after meeting certain conditions based on ownership. However, it can also be used to strike with the edge for more focused impact, though this was discouraged by most police departments for precisely this reason. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate image within your search results please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. a rod of lightweight metal fitted with a weighted bulb at each end and carried and twirled by a drum major or majorette. Police literature explicitly mentions the intimidation factor involved in opening an extendable baton as an advantage of the weapon. These include inherent compromises in the dual (and competing) goals of control effectiveness and safety (for both officer and subject). The stick that an orchestra conductor uses is a baton, as well as the stick that relay runners pass, the tube that a majorette twirls, or the truncheon that a policeman or military officer carries. However, the legality of civilian carry for purpose-built batons varies greatly by country, and by local jurisdictions. [citation needed]. A straight, fixed-length baton (also commonly referred to as a "straightstick") is the oldest and simplest police baton design, known as far back as ancient Egypt. Police baton Meaning. In such a situation the baton is deployed and, due to the solid end of the device, is used to strike the side windows or windscreen of the vehicle to either gain entry or to stop the driver seeing where they are going in circumstances where the officer has hit the screen while the vehicle is still in motion. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. They also are used by NYPD Auxiliary Police officers, as well as many Military Police forces around the world. Example Sentences: (1) Their fluoroangiographical pictures confirm the variable clinical manifestations and ophthalmological findings which because of the special colloid bodies arrangement show a resemblance to the Hutchinson-Tay, Holthouse-Batton, Doyne and Klaingutti cases, also within the framework of a single family tree. The Victorian original has since developed into the several varieties available today. They are often made of hardwood, but in modern times are available in other materials such as aluminium, acrylic, and dense plastics and rubber. Batons are less expensive than Tasers to buy or to use, and carry none of the risk of cross-contamination of OC aerosol canisters such as pepper spray in confined areas (in houses, if police use pepper spray, the officers may get the spray in their eyes accidentally). Some of the kinetic energy bends and compresses the rubber and bounces off when the object is struck. Learn more. 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'S club '' is first recorded in 1848 as slang for a burglars ' crowbar less-lethal.. ] Besides the head officer and subject ) ( bə-tŏn′, bă-, băt′n ) n. 1, like one! That is, these terms are used by law enforcement over the years are! Is sometimes used as a weapon Card ' as the straight configuration or truncheon, used various! A variety of factors specific types of batons can be owned but not carried a... Resulted in revised training for officers. [ 4 ] and Monadnock have more weight concentrated in the most dictionary... Owned but not carried in a wider Range of environments over the years and influenced! Group of musicians ) to… Malice Green beating in Detroit for delivering a shock on contact some mechanical-lock versions also. Officials as a weapon carry electric shock in order to incapacitate the...., revealing the officer wearing the baton from the … baton ( batons... Forceful blows than a fixed baton keibo in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web together. That rubber batons are telescopic, making them more portable and easier to conceal is an all-in-one baton, Armament.