Alexandria has played a pivotal role in Mediterranean trade ever since the city was founded in c.332 BC by Alexander (known as both ‘the Macedonian’ and ‘the Great’.) The Silk Road was originally opened up by Zhang Qian and it gradually formed in the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD). What did Damascus trade on the Silk Road? The machinations of the Great Powers turned a … What did Damascus trade on the Silk Road? Will the New Silk Roads, a.k.a. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999. ... Iran, Mesopotamia, Bagdad, went to Damascus and reached the Mediterranean. Chinese silks passed through Damascus on their way to western markets. Damascus has a rich history dating back 11,000 years and has been continuously inhabited for over four millennia. Related Questions: what did the han dynasty trade and who they trade with. Damascus - "Salaam 'alakum' With a claim to be one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world with significance to the Silk Roads (connecting Babylon with the Phoenician ports such as Tripoli), Damascus is a good starting point for this journey. What did India produce to trade along the Silk... What did Europe trade with China on the Silk... What did Central Asia trade on the Silk Road? Damascus is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world, since it was established 10,000 to 8,000BC, and eventually became an important hub on the southwestern branch of the Silk Road. The imperial household was transferred there, and followed … The Silk Road primarily refers to the land routes connecting East Asia and Southeast Asia with South Asia, Persia, the Arabian Peninsula, East Africa and Southern Europe. Damascus and Aleppo were two cities situated at the center of the Silk Road, a key intercontinental trade route that linked the Roman Empire to China. Answers (1) ... 3 3 Reply. Alabaster, bronze, and glass works from the Mediterranean were commonly sent eastwards. answer! In April 2015, the Syrian government stated itwould return Highly Enriched Uranium from its Dar al-Hajar Nuclear Research Center outside of Damascus back to China. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. Throughout history, it has changed hands between various empires including the Egyptians, Romans, Greeks, and Ottomans. Trade Goods: Because of its key location linking East and West, in Istanbul you can find nearly every Silk Road trade good, including the bubonic plague which decimates Istanbul in 542 CE. What Chinese dynasty created the Silk Road? The Silk Route: Trade, Travel, War and Faith. Additional Essays by Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art. read more During the time of Silk Road trade, Damascus used to serve as a link due to its location on major roads from the Middle East to Europe. Caravans traveling on the Silk Road traded in silk, perfumes, and spices in the Far East. Department of Ancient Near Eastern Art. Traders used to rest in this city before transporting their goods through the Mediterranean Sea. . Create your account. One of the issues, of course, is that with the fall of the Tang, there was significant economic disruption on the Chinese end of things, so there was less trade in … A storehouse discovered here, which again is at the crossroads of China, India, Persia, and the Mediterranean, … Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) ever manage to cross the Hindu Kush? What diseases were spread along the Silk Road? Damascus - The Silk Road. Silk Road: The trade route known as the Silk Road had one western branch that traveled through the territory of the modern nation of Turkey. According to ancient records the empress, known as the lady of Si-ling, wife of a famous emperor, Huang-ti (2640 BC), encouraged the cu… China’s China North Industries Group Corp (Norinco) alsoallegedly sold chlorine gas that was used in attacks against civilians. Although a fairly recent term, the “Silk Road” describes one of the world’s most ancient overland trade networks, which spurred the exchange of commodities, ideology, and technology between societies of ancient China and those of the eastern Mediterranean, starting at least 4000 years ago. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Even though strategically located astride the Ancient Silk Road, and virtually contiguous to the US$50 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) – a key BRI node – Afghanistan is still mired in war. The Silk Road began in the 2nd century B.C., under the rule of China's Han Dynasty, whose rulers realized that bandits in the West were attacking caravans and damaging foreign trade opportunities. Its crucial importance in this respect is illustrated by the introduction of the word “damask” into the English language as a synonym for silk. Wealth and labour were used to build bridges, roads and caravanserais to encourage and facilitate trade. London: British Library, 2004. They traded almonds, dye, dried fruit, swords, cloth, and glass. It was greatly flourishing as a means of east-west trade … A city that has long been important to different empires, this city housed various traders going acroos the Eurasian landmass. What did the Romans trade on the Silk Road? © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Damascus is the capital city of Syria. The Silk Road died, the Suez Canal was dug, the northern territories were taken by Turkey as were the ports of the Levant. A storehouse discovered here, which again is at the crossroads of China, India, Persia, and the Mediterranean, revealed some of the principle luxury goods being traded. Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. The Central Asian route brought Chinese goods in large quantities into the Indian and western Asian markets. Though we referred to the region that connected the trade network as the Silk Road, it would be more accurate to use the plural, the Silk Roads, as it was a complex web of roads that interconnected Xi’an in west China to Baghdad, Damascus, Jerusalem, Athens, Alexandria, and Constantinople. It lies at a crucial crossroads of two trade routes: a north-south route from Constantinople to Egypt, and an east-south route connecting Lebanon with the rest of the Silk Road. A city that has long been important to different empires, this city housed various traders going acroos the Eurasian landmass. Conventionally, historians refer to three periods of intense Silk Road trade: 1) from 206 B.C.E. Silk is a fibrous substance produced by many insects, but the fibres used for manufacturing purposes are exclusively produced by the mulberry silk-moth of China. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Become a Study.com member to unlock this Natural silk is produced from silkworm cocoons in a process known as sericulture. More about routes of The Silk Road. What cultural ideas spread along the Silk Road? Whitfield, Susan, with Ursula Sims-Williams, eds. Who did the Chinese trade with on the Silk Road? The Silk Road was a network of trade routes which connected the East and West, and was central to the economic, cultural, political, and religious interactions between these regions from the 2nd century BCE to the 18th century. Silk, light and valuable, was the principle export westward, but the caravans also carried lacquerware, bronzes, and other treasures. It even reached out as far as Venice. So, one can call the Silk Road the grandiose trade route which connected the East and the West and became the reason of appearance of many unique cities, historical monuments, customs and even the entire states. Abbasid Dynasty (750-1258) builds their capital in Baghdad, making this Silk Road city a center of power where philosophic, scientific and literary works are cultivated. The Silk Road was, therefore, an important conduit for goods between the eastern and western parts of the ancient world. Accompanying them on a dish were also dried fruits, such as dates, that became staple snacks for the upper class. The Silk Road network is generally thought of as stretching from an eastern terminus at the old Chinese capital city of Chang'an (now Xi'an, just west of the great bend where the Yellow River emerges into the North China Plain) to westward termini at Byzantium (Constantinople), Antioch, Damascus, and other Middle Eastern cities. What did Chang'an trade on the Silk Road? Question: What did Turkey trade on the Silk Road? During the time of Silk Road trade, Damascus used to serve as a link due to its location on major roads from the Middle East to Europe. It was a whole bunch of people who sort of got me on the road looking at these things. Popular trade items included pistachios, dates and figs, spices, wines, woven … During this process the caterpillars are killed. 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