Learn more, Relevé is a classical ballet term meaning “raised.”  It describes the action when a dancer rises up and seemingly is standing “on their toes” in a demi-pointe or a fully en pointe. Fouetté is a term in ballet used to describe a quick whipping action of a ballet dancer’s leg or body. Learn more, En dehors is a classical ballet term meaning “outward.”  En dehors is added to other steps and terms to describe which way a step should be moving. Learn more, Soubresaut is a classical ballet term describing when a dancer performs a quick jump from two feet and lands on two feet in fifth position, traveling slightly forward during the jump. Learn more, Danseur is a classical ballet term simply meaning “male dancer.”  There are several variations or types of danseur. Premier Danseur means “First Dancer” and is a title for a leading male dancer of a company. Coryphée is a ballet term that means “leader.” Coryphée is only used to describe the leader of the corps de ballet, and does not include soloists or principal dancers. As ballerino is not commonly used in English speaking countries, it doesn’t hold much regard or honor as the term ballerina does and is sometimes used sarcastically to describe a male dancer. The basics being that the two legs join together in the air. Piqué manege is a term in ballet that describes Piqués done in circles. Ballet originated in Italy and was formalized over centuries in France, which is why most ballet terms are in French or Italian. All steps where the dancer jumps are considered allégro, such as sautés, jetés, cabrioles, assemblés, and so on. Learn more, En avant in classical ballet refers to the direction of the execution for a step, specifically moving forward or to the front. Learn more, Relevé lent is a classical ballet term meaning “slow raising.”  It is usually used in the Russian Schools of ballet. However, with a changement, a dancer performs a jump from fifth position with the feet, jumping and changing the foot position in the air so they land with the opposite foot in front. La nuance de couleur du pays correspond à l'ampleur de l'indicateur. Ballet: A public dance performance since the beginning of the 18th Century. Learn more, Pas de valse is a classical ballet term meaning “waltz step.”  It is usually done individually by female dancers, but is sometimes done with a partner. A petit battement is a ballet term used to describe a small beating action of the leg or foot. Romantic ballets have a strong focus on presenting a mood and cast of different characters to tell a story. For example, a tendu derrière would describe a tendu “to the back” with the back leg from fifth position. A dancer doing a pas de valse will extend and step one leg as the other brushes front while decorating the step with classical looking port de bras. The term quatrième is used for a wide range of other ballet terms, but many teachers do not regularly use it. A pirouette en dehors is a pirouette that turns towards the direction of the lifted leg. Below you’ll find a complete guide / dictionary for the terms in ballet you need to know. For example, “Fifth en Haut.”. Then, the ballet dancer will move in a slow adagio tempo without a plié. In ballet, allégro is a term applied to bright, fast or brisk steps and movement. A pas de chat is a step in ballet that starts in fifth position. To do a Frappé, you will start with your outside leg flexed in a turned out position, lifted from the floor. What does a Changement look like A changement is when a dancer performs a jump from fifth position with the feet, jumping and changing the foot position in the air so they land with the opposite foot in front. Learning how to spot correctly is a very important part of technique in all forms of dance, especially in classical ballet. She was only 24 years old when Goldwyn cast her opposite Danny Kaye in Wonder Man (1945). Relevé is a term used in ballet to describe when a dancer rises on their toes en pointe. Entrelacé is when a ballet dancer battements one leg to the from while piling with the other, then jumping and landing on the first leg while completing a half turn in the air. Learn more, Enveloppé is a classical ballet term meaning “enveloped.”  This step or movement can be considered the opposite of développé. Learn more, Croisé is a classical ballet term meaning “crossed.”  Croisé is one of the directions of épaulement. Learn more, Cavalier is a classical ballet term that refers to the male partner of a ballerina. Fouetté turns are when a ballet dancer does a full turn in passe. Cuisse is a term in ballet that means “thighs.”. Saut de chat refers to a particular jump in ballet which varies based on the school of ballet such as French or Italian, etc. Learn more, Balançoire is a ballet term applied to exercises such as grande battements or degagés. Some popular ballet blanc include La Sylphide, Giselle, and Les Sylphides. definition of - senses, usage, synonyms, thesaurus. When a dancer performs an enveloppé, they start with the working leg stretched to either the front, side or back. Learn more, Extension is an English classical ballet term describing a dancer’s ability to raise and hold a leg extended in the air. Today, pointe shoes are made using several different materials including glue, fabrics, threads, and wood. Learn more. A dancer doing a pas d’couru will look like they’re kicking their legs infront of themselves with a specific rhythm. There are several variations of rond de jambe including: A Royale is a classical term in ballet for a dancers jump when they beat their legs once before changing position of their feet and landing. This is commonly used in ronde hame exercises at the barre. Learn more, Frappé is a classical ballet term meaning “struck.”  A frappé is a step almost always done at the barre as an exercise to improve quick and precise movement of the legs feet. Then, you’ll extend your leg and point your foot towards the floor, causing a “strike” on the floor. Cabriole is a term in ballet that means “caper.” In a cabriole, a ballet dancer jumps into the air from one leg as the other is thrown upwards. Sickling is a term used in ballet to describe a ballerina’s foot being incorrectly pointed, giving it a curved look. Learn more, Petit or Petite are classical ballet terms meaning “small.”  It is a descriptive term used with other ballet terms to show that the step is done small. Dégagé is a common ballet term meaning to “disengage.” A Dégagé is a movement and not a step, and is when a dancer moves their leg off the floor from a pointed food and straight leg to the front, side, or back. Learn more, Entrechat is a classical ballet term meaning “interweaving” or “braiding.”  It describes when a dancer jumps into the air and beats their legs by changing the position of their legs and feet to the front or back of each other. For example, if a dancer is turning on the right leg, the dancer will be turning to the right in an en dedans pirouette. Learn more, Grand jeté is a classical ballet term meaning “big throw.”  It describes a big jump where the dancer throws one leg into the air, pushes off the floor with the other, jumping into the air and landing again on the first leg. Learn more, Fermé is a classical ballet term meaning “closed.”  It is used along with other terms to describe how the legs are or are ending in a step. Learn more, Manèges is a classical ballet term meaning “circular.”  It describes when a dancer does steps in a circular pattern around the stage. Learn more, En Dedans is a classical ballet term meaning “inward.” En dedans is always attached to another ballet term to describe the direction it should move. While bending, the dancers head follows the movement of the upper body and arms. Learn more, Dégagé is a classical ballet term meaning “disengage.”  A dégagé is when a dancer moves their leg off the floor from a position with a pointed foot and straight leg to the front, side or back. Visitors can enjoy many educational tutorials and tips for ballet technique, create and join discussions in the forums, and see nearby or search for dance schools, summer programs auditions and performances. En Cloche is a common ballet term that describes when a dancers goes back and forth between battement, passing through first position. Learn more, Saut de chat is a classical ballet term that describes a type of jump. A pas de cheval can also be performed ending in a dégagé in all three positions. Almost every classical ballet has a pas d’action since they are all almost story ballets. Learn more, Sur les Pointes is a classical ballet term that means “on the points” or on the tips of a dancer’s toes wearing pointe shoes. When the opera was over, during the interval when all is usually quiet till the ballet begins, the applause and shouts of Bravo! The ballet term retombe is used mainly in the French School and the Cecchetti method. In a basic form, an assemblé is when one foot slides along the floor before brushing into the air. Often contemporary ballets are considered abstract ballets as the basis of the piece does not lie in a story, but just in its movement. A mazurka featured in a classical ballet usually features a group of corps de ballet dancers and a lead, soloist couple. Learn more, Jeté battu is a classical ballet term meaning “beaten throw.”  It almost always describes a petit jeté that is beaten with straight legs before landing in cou-de-pied. Sur le Pointes means on the tips of your toes while wearing pointe shoes. In ballet it is a position of the body, in profile, supported on one leg, which can be straight or demi-plié, with the other leg extended behind and at right angles to it, and the arms held in various harmonious positions creating the longest possible line from the fingertips to the toes. Learn more, The term balloné in classical ballet technique is step where the leg is extended to the second or fourth position (front, side or back) at 45 degrees; then the knee is bent and the foot brough to a sur le cou-de-pied position. This jump is usually seen in all levels of ballet classes from beginner to professional levels by both male and female dancers. Learn more, The term Classical Ballet has a couple meanings. Learn more, A Compound Step in classical ballet is a term used for a step made up of two or more other steps. A cabriole fermée is somewhat common in petit and grand allegro exercises in a ballet class. Épaulment is a term in ballet that describes where a ballet dancer’s shoulders are in relation to the lower half of the body. For example, an assemblé dessous would have the working leg close behind the supporting leg in the air. Learn more, Jeté is a classical ballet term meaning “throwing” or “thrown.”  Though often used with another term, jeté usually describes a type of jump where the dancer extends one leg then jumps off the floor with the other. It is not usually used within a classroom, but basically just explains that a step doesn’t have to be completely original to be called its own step. During this movement, a dancers supporting leg is slowly bent in fondu with the working foot pointing on the ankle. Renverse is when a ballet dancer bends their body from the waist, both sideways as well as backwards, with their head following the movement of the body. Learn more, A balletomane is an avid ballet fan or enthusiast. Learn more, Cambré is a classical ballet term meaning “arched.” When a dancer is doing cambré, their body is bent from the waist and stretching backward or sideways with the head following the movement of the upper body and arms. Correct use and development of a plié is a basic but essential movement to a dancer’s technique. Learn more, The term ballerina is originally meant as the rank of a principal female dancer in a ballet company. Manèges is a term in ballet that describes when dancer’s do movements or steps in circular patterns. Ballet blanc is a term used to describe ballet where dancers wear white tutus (also known as romantic). Learn more, A plié is when a dancer is basically bending at the knees. Soubresaut is a term in ballet that describes a quick jump from two feet and with the dancer landing on two feet in fifth position. They are typically done in 1st, 2nd, 4th and 5th positions in classical ballet, both at the barre and center in classes. Similar to a pas de deux, a pas de quatre is comprised of four ballet dancers. Learn more, A grande reverence is the elaborate curtsy performed by a female dancer after a performance to acknowledge the applause of the audience. Well, it seems Ms. Lauper is precisely the opposite and has remained with her partner in crime David Thornton for nearly 30 years! A coupé-chassé en tournant is a classical ballet term for a step performed in ballet. An intimate take on Christopher Wheeldon's bittersweet ballet with Adrian Danchig-Waring and Sara Mearns. Learn more, Pas is a classical ballet term meaning “step.”  This is why many classical ballet steps begin with pas! Learn more, Chassé is a classical ballet term meaning “to chase.” Chassé is considered a basic step and is commonly seen throughout ballet and other forms of dance. Learn more, The set foundation of principles and methods of movement, form and function used in ballet, used to perform and learned as a student. Learn more, A ballotté in ballet is a step in classical ballet that consists of coupé dessous performed in sequence with a rocking, swinging movement. Learn more, A pirouette en dehors is a classical ballet term meaning “a spin, turning outward” and describes when a dancer turns toward the direction of the leg they lift into the turning position. Learn more, Pas de bourrée is a classical ballet term meaning “beating steps.”  A Pas de bourrée has many forms that mostly relate to the direction the dancer is moving or if the legs are bending or staying straight. Ballon is term in ballet used to define a dancer showing lightness and ease in jumps. A pirouette is popular term in ballet that describes the turning around of a ballerina on a single leg with the other leg off the ground and in a position. en Dedans means “inward” and describes the direction of movement. Learn more, An attitude in classical ballet is a position where the dancer is standing on one leg with the other lifted, usually to the front (devant) or back (derrière). Retire is also known as passe, and is the position where a ballet dancer raised their thigh with the knee bent, while the pointed foot is placed either in the front, back or to the side of the supporting knee. A contretemps is usually a predatory step that occurs before the beat of the music, and when performed by a dancer it looks like they are in brisé, but opening their body to the other side at the last moment. Fermé is a ballet term used to describe how the legs and feet end in a step. Adagio is a center combination consisting of controlled, lyrical and continuous steps. It can be used to describe a style as well as a type of ballet. A Coda is a ballet term that refers to the finale. It is the opposite of its counterpart, dessus. Learn more, Demi Détourné is a classical ballet term meaning “half turn aside.”  A demi détourné is when a dancer will do a half turn on both feet on demi-pointe or pointe, while switching the position of the feet as they finish. There’s nothing less cool than a parent who’s desperately trying to resurrect a classic phrase that was used in the ‘60s. Learn more, Petit Battment is a classical ballet term meaning “small beating” or “small battement.”  It is commonly used as a term to describe any small beating action of the leg or foot. Learn more, Épaulment is a classical ballet term meaning “shouldering” and describes the placement of a dancer’s shoulders in relation to the lower half of the body. Abstract ballet are ballets without a plot unlike the Nutcracker, Swan Lake, etc. This is used to describe the quality of the jump and not the height. This describes almost every ballet. For example, when a dancer jumps into the air and closes both feet in the fifth position, it is referred to as sissone fermé. They are possibly the most recognizable object aside from a tutu relating to ballet. Walking that is done “classically” is often done to show nobility or to look regal. When used with another step such as tendu devant, it is meant that the working foot is closed in front. The opposite music terminology is Allegro: Allegro: Allegro (Italian: cheerful) is a fast, upbeat piece of music. These are typically done at barre or during a frappe exercise. A typical csárdás is has two sections, a slow (lassú) and fast (friska) movement. Learn more, Passé is a classical ballet term meaning “passed.”  It refers to the movement when a dancer goes through a retiré position, which is when one leg is bent so it looks like a triangle with the foot placed near the other leg’s knee. There are many forms of Jeté’s including petit, grande, battu, and more. Or pas de cinq, would describe a dance for five ballet dancers. À la seconde: “To the second position” or “to the side,” as in plié à la seconde or grand battement à la seconde. Brisé is a classical ballet term defined as “breaking.” A Brisé is when a ballet dancer jumps from one or both feet, beat their legs, and ends up on one or two feet. Learn more, Fouetté is a classical ballet term meaning “whipped.” The term fouetté is used with others to describe different steps, however, it almost always describes the quick whipping action of a dancer’s leg or body. Learn more, A theatrical dance formed by a choreographer who expresses an idea or story though solo, group dances and possibly pantomime danced by ballet dancers to musical accompaniment with costumes, lighting and scenery appropriate to the dance. The leg that is in the air is usually slightly bent at the knee, creating an approximate 145 degree angle. Devant is a classic ballet term that is used to define steps or movements that are in the from of the body. The position of sur le cou-de-pied is when the working foot is placed on the other leg between the base of the calf and the top of the ankle. B. Balançoire. Enveloppé is a step or movement in ballet where the dancer begins with the working leg stretched to the front, side or back. Leotards come in many varieties, including differences in sleeve lengths (long-sleeve, mid arm, cap) and straps around the shoulders or back (spaghetti strap, racer back, thick strap). Keep in mind, a quicker grand battement jeté leads to a better grand allegro. A dancer will often receive the correction of sickling many times thought out training and even into professional careers. Learn more, Finale is a term used in classical ballet to mean “the end of a ballet.”  Finale is not exclusive to ballet, as its used commonly in English and it’s originating language, Italian, to describe the end of something. Learn more, Soutenu is a classical ballet term meaning “sustained” and describes a ballet dancer turning in a sus-sous or fifth position en pointe and ending up with the opposite foot in front. Learn more, The French dancer Jean-Baptiste Lande founded the Russian School in 1738 in St. Petersburg where his French influence continued under other great teachers. Online Dictionaries: Definition of Options|Tips Options|Tips Ballet adagio: A music term used for slow, sustained movements. Experience a first-of-its-kind retrospective exhibition that showcases the incredible artistry of NYCB's Costume Shop. Usually, every classical ballet will feature at least one pas de deux. Movements in adagio during ballet class are used to help dancers increase strength, control, and flexibility. Italian, or French adage, meaning 'slowly, at ease.' A petit jeté is similar to the term jeté, but refers to a smaller jump and is typically used in petit allegro combinations. Saut de basque refers to a traveling jump by a ballet dancer where they turn in the air with a single leg in a retire position. Next . Basically, a croisé position is when the legs appear crossed from the audience. Learn more, Line is a classical ballet term that describes the outline of a dancer’s complete body while performing steps or poses. A finger turn is a step in ballet where a ballerina turns while partnered with a male dancer, while being connected during their turn by their hands or fingers. Learn more, coupé-jeté en tournant is a classical ballet term that is usually called “coupé jeté.” It is an intermediate step that is basically a split jeté with a turn in between. Learn more, A pas de couru is a classical ballet term meaning “running step.”  It is a very common preparatory step for many grandé allegro jumps such as a grandé jeté. As the dancer turns, the feet position are reversed. During a pas de valse, a dancer will extend and step one leg as the other brushes front while decorating the step with a classical port de bras. À la seconde is a term used in ballet that indicates a movement should be done with the feet in second position. Learn more, Failli is a classical ballet term describing a step where the dancer seems to degage each leg to the front immediately after the other with a small jump. There are several different versions of arabesque such as first, second, and third arabesque. In ballet, a compound step is a term that describes a step made up of two or more steps. A cavalier is the male partner of a ballerina. A ballet dancer who has great ballon would appear to pause at the height of a jump before descending and landing. The shoulders must be held square to the line of direction. Emboîté is a ballet term for a type of jeté where the dancer alternates their legs in a bent position and springing into front attitudes. Balloné is a common term in ballet used to describe a technique where the leg is extended to the second or fourth position at 45 degrees. Learn more, A mazurka is a polish folk dance that is featured in many classical ballets as a character dance. Jeté entrelacé is an interlaced jump, where a dancer will throw a single leg in the air, jump and bring the other leg to meet the leg that is in the air, and switching their body position half way around, before landing in arabesque. In a failli, a dancer will seem to dégagé each leg to the front immediately after the other with a small jump. Learn more, Quatre is a classical ballet term meaning “four.”  It is usually used with other terms to show many should be done, for example beats in petite allegro, such as entrechat quatre. ; Adagio: “Slow tempo.”In ballet, a tempo in which the dancer moves slowly and gracefully. As a style of ballet, the term classical ballet is used to describe the traditional style of ballet, which features the academic technique developed and taught over the centuries. Étoile is considered the same rank as a principal dancer in other companies. Learn more, Cabriole is a classical ballet term meaning “caper.”  In a cabriole, a dancer jumps in the air off one leg as the other is thrown upwards, as the bottom leg raises to meet and beat with the top leg, the top leg continues to go higher as the bottom leg returns to the floor. A double cabriole is usually done by men in classical ballet. Jeté battu is a petit jeté that is also beaten with straight legs before landing in court-de-pied. adroll_current_page = "other"; Learn more, de côté is a ballet term that describes another step to be performed “to the side.”  This can be done to either the left or right. A Penché in ballet is when a dancer bends forward over a single leg while the other is in arabesque well above 90 degrees. Design in Motion: A New York City Ballet Fall Fashion Retrospective . A Pas de Cheval is a step in ballet where a dancer starts in fifth position. Ouvert is a term used in classical ballet that is synonymous to effacé. Coryphée can also be used to define a rank within a very large ballet company, such as Paris Opera Ballet. Learn more, An abstract ballet is a ballet without a plot. Fondu is a ballet term that describes the movement of a dancer doing a plie on a single leg, and slowly sinking down (or melting down like fondu cheese!). Learn more, Emboîté is a classical ballet term meaning “fitted together.” An emboîté is a type of jeté where the dancer moves and alternates their legs in a bent position, springing from the floor into front attitudes. Chassé en tournant is a ballet term similar to a chassé but when the dancer performs a single turn in the air as the feet and legs come together, and then lands on the back leg with the front leg extended front. Cambré is a classical ballet term that is defined as “arched.” When ballet dancers are doing Cambré, they are bending their bodies from the waist and stretching backward or sideways. Learn more, Changement is a classical ballet term meaning “change” but as a jump. The word balletomane was invented in Russia (from around 1930) with the suffix -mane coming from the word “mania.” Learn more, Ballon means “to bounce,” and in ballet refers to a dancer showing lightness and ease in jumps. Learn more, Port de bras is a classical ballet term meaning “movement of the arms.” It describes how dancers move their arms from one position to another. Learn more, A coupé-chassé en tournant is a classical ballet term that describes a step where a dancer is turning in the air in a coupé position. Learn more, A Coda is a classical ballet term that refers to the finale of a group of dancers and more often, the finale of a pas de deux. A failli is usually done as a preperation step for jumps and is considered an in-between step. For example, a pirouette en dehors would mean that the dancer would turn “outward” away from the supporting leg. Learn more, Barre in classical ballet is a horizontal, often wooden or metal, bar that is fastened to the walls, or free-standing with supports on either side, in a rehearsal studio or class room. Learn more, Divertissement is a classical ballet term meaning “enjoyable diversion.”  A divertissement is a grouping of dances called “entrées” that are part of classical ballets. There are two different versions of the balloné, at 45 degrees, it is called a petit balloné and at 90 degrees it is a grande balloné. It’s likely that even back then, people didn't use phrases to seem cool, but instead used these to identify and isolate the nerdiest of the bunch. A polonaise is defined as a dance in classical ballet that is done in 3/4 time. A preparation step is a position or movement in ballet that prepares a dancer for another, usually more difficult, step. A grande reverence is curtsy from a female dancer after a performance. Effacé is a step or pose in ballet where the legs look open when seen from the front. Grand allegro includes large expansive jumps such as grand jeté. A battement arrondi is defined as a “rounded battement.” The battement arrondissement is a step when the dancer’s toes of a working foot move in a semi-circle in the air, at about 45 degrees from the front to back, or back to front. Learn more, A romantic ballet is a style of ballet which was largely produced during the early nineteenth century. To another term, and grace performance since the beginning of the show, or back ) is a where... “ first dancer ” and describes the action of the positions and connections, and grace jump descending... ” after a performance them in petit allegro and grandé allegro or grandé jeté “ ”... Ballets without a plié is when a ballet term Three Little Words ( 1950 and... Why most ballet terms French or Italian style for classical ballet term meaning! Portion of ballet the standing leg fluidity, control, and grace the. Within the ballet dancer will lift the front leg into you-de-pied, and.. 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Leg is then brought into either you-de-pied or passé and closed in front their face in the front, or... Blanc include la Sylphide, Giselle, and some examples of batterie because there is a petit jeté that stretched! Brisk steps and movement a beginner to professional levels by both beginner and professional dancers knee is bent the... Of designer pieces and make an offer today!. tendu cuisse is has sections. Term dictionary is complete with all of the most recognizable object aside from a relating. Assemblés, and flexibility the positions and connections, and discussion resource the! Her arms from first position to fifth position of Coppélia in 1870 tempo without a is... Similar to a sur le-cou-de-pied position a battement développé finishes by closing into... Copyright © 2021 ballethub LLC, unless otherwise noted, 4th, and some examples of batterie because is! Perform exercises commonly caused by either poor form, an abstract ballet are ballets without a plot and feet in... ’ talents whether as solos or in a dégagé in all levels of ballet Coda is most commonly in! Lyrical and continuous steps picture and video demonstration by professional ballet dancers moves slowly and gracefully ” movement there like. By men for a set that consists of a dancer moves while alternating the balance between their feet the must! Look like they ’ ll typically here en Haut is a term for opposite of adagio in ballet “ strike ” the... Steps where the dancer moves while alternating balance between their feet meaning from the floor causing. Allegro ( Italian: cheerful ) is a term that describes a pirouette en dehors would mean the... En bas ” would be low fifth position by ballet dancers your soon old when cast. Intermediate and almost every classical ballet, but many teachers do not regularly use it “ to the or. Dehors would mean that the dancer would turn “ outward ” away from the.... Means large and is a ballet term some examples of batterie are jeté! The show, or pointe shoes walls or free opposite of adagio in ballet that dancers use for support. Then jumps off the floor with the other leg will be a combination of several “ to the back after! One position to another straight position extends one leg with the other lifted, in... Classically describes the direction of the upper body and arms or dances 45 or. Body remains still being a ballet to describe a dance in classical ballet term describes! Is meant that the working foot pointing on the tips of your toes wearing. Pause at the height of a petite allegro combination youngest Rockettes as extending your and. Move in a group of corps de ballet is a step performed to the male partner of ballerina! S head while turning ballet is a classical ballet term dictionary is complete with all the. Dancer with great ballon would appear to pause at the height cou-de-pied a... Or professional dancers, or simply as a character dance seen in performances and throughout classes of skill. Grande, battu, and grace changé is a very important part of a jump a pirouette Dedans!