Besides bolstering the notion that the oscillation between equality and inequality, between authoritarianism and horizontalism, was dictated by changing seasons in prehistoric social life. David Graeber (12 February 1961 - 2 september 2020) was een in Londen wonende antropoloog en anarchist die wellicht het bekendst werd met zijn in 2011 verschenen boek Debt: The First 5,000 Years (Nederlandse uitgave Schulden, de eerste 500 jaar, 2012).Hij was professor in de antropologie aan de London School of Economics. He had one of those inherently lively, energetic personalities that seems to contradict the concept of death itself. So, even though their protagonists may not profess to be anarchists and may go by different labels (“autonomism, anti-authoritarianism, horizontalism, Zapatismo, direct democracy …”) the underlying principles in all these locations were: “decentralization, voluntary association, mutual aid, the network model, and above all, the rejection of any idea that the end justifies the means, let alone that the business of a revolutionary is to seize state power and then begin imposing one’s vision at the point of a gun.”. Before him, long before him, not to mention at all times, anarchism has been thought of as a non-authoritarian mode of behaviour and of fighting against all forms of authoritarianism and of rejecting dogma and orthodoxy. David Graeber: Syria, Anarchism and visiting Rojava. They had felt deeply disillusioned with the current political order, with its fake democracy and with its rotten institutions. Graeber was then at the peak of his fame. The Anarchist Library: Andrej Grubacic David Graeber Anarchism Or The Revolutionary Movement Of The Twenty-first Century a4 You’ll only get broad and tepid solutions if you bring everything to the General Assembly. Which changes the notion that personal interest and the accumulation of power were and are the immutable forces behind the growth of human societies. Not merely because they have refuted that narrative by means of a stunning mass of archaeological and anthropological data, but by pushing [aside] the idea that we are merely “impotent onlookers” when it comes to tinkering with “the reality and hierarchies” that are supposedly inherent within it. David Graeber chose, as the epigraph to his book Fragments of an Anarchist Anthropology, a quote from Pyotr Kropotkin’s article on Anarchism for the Encyclopedia Britannica.In it Kropotkin stated that, in an anarchist society, harmony would be Whilst his father was an ambulance driver in the Spanish Civil War and print worker. But his most important role was as an activist. It may not be out of place for us to bear in mind that, even though anarchism and Marxism, depicted in conventional history as ideologies that are very close in terms of time and purposes, the truth is that, unlike Marxism, which emerged from Marx’s mind as a theoretical construct, anarchism sprouts from no mind in particular, albeit that there are lots of thinkers who have claimed to be anarchists. David Graeber (1961-2020) started his career as a scholar studying Madagascar and that informed what became his popular ideas about anarchism, debt, and globalization. The evidence for this is: as a general rule, the various schools of Marxism (Leninist, Maoist, Althusserian …) and their trends (Lacanian, Foucaultian …) have had founding fathers, whereas anarchism has almost always been the product of organizational principles or practices (anarcho-syndicalist, anarcho-communist, insurrectionist and platformist, cooperativist, individualist, etc.). He wrote copiously on how anarchist theory led him to insist that the movement adopt specific principles: a refusal to make political demands, a focus on consensus decision-making, and the use of totally autonomous affinity groups where consensus couldn't be reached.

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